Shahrisabz

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Shahrisabz is Tamerlane's hometown where everything is related to his name in one or another way. His father Emir Taragay and spiritual teacher Shamsiddin Kulol as well as his elder sons Djahangir and Omar Sheikh were buried here. And the great statesman himself thought that his spirit would go to the Allakh's trone here. He even order to build a vault for himself. However, the destiny had a free hand...

Having established the great state of Movara-un-nahr, having become the unlimited ruler - emir, Temur made city of Samarkand his capital. However, he always remembered and cared about his small homeland. In essence, Shahrisabz was the second capital of the empire. Babur, Temur's descendant and founder of the Great Moguls dynasty wrote: "Since Kesh was Temur's birthplace, he made many efforts and care in order to turn the town into the «throne's pedestal».

At emir's order the best architects, constructors, masters of architectural decor were sent there, and together with local masters they had built grand buildings, thus having incarnated experience and traditions of various countries. Their creativity gave wonderful results due to unified knowledge, experience, traditions and creative efforts that served as the grounds for monumental style that determined the specific features of Central Asia' architecture of late XIV-early XV centuries.

Ak-Saray Palace may serve as an example of the parade government building - residence. Construction of the palace started in 1380, but as late as in 1404 the  decorating works were nearing the completion there. Lancet dome of this grand facility had the bay of more than 22 m - the biggest among all the Temurid buildings.

During Temur's and Temurid's era ensemble construction of cities was widespread. This is seen on the example of Shahrisabz, where the Dor-us-Tilovat and Dor-us-Saodat ensembles are outstanding.

Dorus-Tilovat is composed of three preserved facilities on the former necropolis of local aristocracy. Rthese are - two mausoleums of Shamsiddin Kulol and Gumbazi Seyyidon and cathedral mosque of Kok Gumbaz. Shamsiddin Kulol mausoleum is the most early building Sheikh died in 1370 and his grave was paid by great honors. Mausoleum of Ulubek's desccendants called Gumbazi Seyyidon (Seyyids' Dome) was built next to it. This small building fascinates by elegant proportions and excellently made entrance door covered by deep carvings. The architectural ensemble is completed by the former cathedral mosque of Kok Gumbaz which was built on the basement of pre-Mongol building.

Dor-us-Saodat Ensemble also consists of three parts: Djahangir's vault, Hazrati Imam mosque and Temur's vault. Since those times when in 1376 Emir Temur's favorite son Djahangir died, Emir Temur fell into such a sorrow that «the sovereign's heart was closed for compassion for 30 years». The body of «fair prince, brave soldier, who flashed on the earth like a rose» was transferred to the ancestors' land where a mausoleum was built for him. Later the mausoleum was included in the family burial-vault. Premises were faced with limestone tiles, carvings with aphorisms from Qur'an about frailty of earthly life and triumph of eternity went along the arched bays.

The burial-vault where only Temur's vault is preserved was located near the mosque and Djahangir's vault, though he himself, as it is known, was buried in Samarkand.

However, Shahrisabz was not only the «throne's pedestal» of the great emir. Long before the birth of Temur hit already had its own historical destiny. First of all, it is one of the most ancient cities in the world. According to scientists Shahrisabz is 2700 years old, and this is the age of the «Eternal City» of Rome. According to the UNESCO's resolution, this very anniversary was celebrated in 2002 in the whole civilized world.

Troops of Alexander the Great stopped by in Kesh Oasis for rest in IV century B.C., Bess, the Baktrian satrap who killed Dariy III and declared himself the «Asia's king» was imprisoned in these places. In VII century the Arabs besieged the town, and hundred years later Kesh became the center of powerful anti-Arab uprising under Mukanna's leadership. During peaceful periods the town grew and developed successfully due to convenient location on the busy Great Silk Road.

Mahmud ibn Vali, medieval author wrote: «Kesh is one of the Movaro-un-Nahr's cities... It is deemed one of the most beautiful places in the world with quite pleasant and attractive climate. Its fields and scope are very beautiful and desired". Nothing else left for us but to agree with respectable author. Especially as even nowadays Shahrisabz justifies its name - "Green City".

Samarkand

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Sherabad

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