The information on Armenia

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Armenia is the ancient country numbering fourthousand years of history. Capital of Armenia is Yerevan. Year from a year Armenia draws tourists from all corners of Earth more and more. Armenia is in a southern part of Transcaucasia. The most part of territory of Armenia is occupied with steppes and mountains. Territory of Armenia is named «a landscape complex». Distance in 30 km separates Araratsky plain with the top of Ararats, representing a chain of semi-deserts, dry and mountain steppes, droughty groves, subalpine and Alpine meadows. In Armenia there is a number of preserves, Dilizhansky and Hosrovsky reserves and national park Sevan.

 

The sacred earth of Armenia remembers history of ancient agricultural culture of Urartu.

 

With a reason Armenia is named a museum under open-air, here there are more than 4 thousand architectural constructions. They include unique monuments of an antiquity: a fortress of Garni (III-II centuries BC), a pagan temple of the Sun (I century AD), temples of Echmiadzin (IV century), Ripsime, Mastary (VII), a three-storied temple of Zvartnots (VII century), the patriarchal palaces in Dvina (V-VI centuries) and Aruche (VII century), a pearl of medieval time of Gegard (IV-XIII centuries), monastic ensembles of Sevan (IX century), Tateva, Sanaina, Ahpata.

 

It is an interesting fact that Armenia is the first of the ancient states of caucasus in year 301 has accepted Christianity as the state religion.

 

From antique times and prior to the beginning of the XX-th century, the earths of Armenia from VII century BC begin from the Kura to the Tiger, Euphrates, and lake Urmia. The end of VI century BC in the history of Armeniya is known by the board of satrapy of the Persian empire.

 

After Alexander the Great empire breaks up, there is an Ajraratsky kingdom and Sofena later won by Selevkids. After destruction by last Romans in the beginning of II century BC three Armenian kingdoms have arisen: Great Armenia, Small Armenia and Sofena.

 

At the time of board of Tigran II Great Armenia turns to the huge empire originating from Palestin and reaching Caspian sea. But the empire of Tigran has been broken and won by Romans, except Great Armenia. Later Great Armenia gets in Rome-parfian dependence. In 387 Great Armenia shares on 2 parts - its basic part departs to Persia, smaller - to Rome, later the territory of Armenia is won by Arabs. The end of VIII century is known for restoration of the Armenian statehood, there is a kingdom of Bagratids, the Vaspurakansky princedom. In XI century Armenia Turkis-seldzhuks win. But Cilicia manages to keep the Armenian statehood up to 1375. After seldzhuks vicariate and invasions of Mongols and Tamerlan, big territories of Armenia are occupied with Turkic nomad tribes. In XVI-XVII centuries Armenia shares between Ottoman empire and Iran.

 

In May, 1918 In territory of Armenia occupied with Russian population, the independent Armenian republic is created. In 1918 Armenia has won war with Turks. But after two years in new Armenian-Turkish war, Armenia was broken by Turks.

 

17 centuries the basis of cultural and moral development were religion and belief of the people that has positively affected formation of thinking of Armenians. In Armenia lives hardworking, betrayed, and the main thing the hospitable people. Armenians differ the with temperament, good nature, musicality and understanding of humour.

 

Armenia is famous for a national wind instrument - a duduk, hachkars which are recognised by the World Organization of UNESCO as national property of all mankind, unique ancient manuscripts of Magahat, ruins of monasteries and the churches, being in a fog of slopes of unapproachable rocks.

 

Armenians are the big fans to eat. It is impossible to present the Armenian people without national Armenian cuisine. Armenian cuisine has the history leaving 8 in BC This kitchen till the today's moment has kept the ancient compounding.

 

United family or company feasts where the vital issues dare and discussed are considered as characteristic feature of the Armenian people. Armenians are the family people, very much love children.

 

Armenia - the country of long-livers, thanks to an environment, pure air, natural food, abundance of wines.

 

Come to Armenia and take pleasure from seen and heard.

 

 

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