Gur-e Amir mausoleum


In the 14th century Samarqand restored a place of the southern outskirts. Amir Temur (1336-1405), who was the governor of western Chagatai Ulus, made it his capital. Amir Temur has generated a big empire from India up to the Mediterranean for a few decades. Samarqand became a symbol of his empire. Big construction works in Samarqand were done by his initiation. New architecture with high blue domes, huge portals and refined majolica had to be competed against Eurasian capitals and it had a meaning a birth of the new Central Asian imperial style.


Amir Temur died before a great Chinese campaign and was buried by his grandson Muhammad-Sultan (1376-1403) who was going to be his incomer, unfortunately he died too early. Tailings of his spiritual coach, who was Seyid Berke, were reinterred there as well. Construction of mausoleum was finished by his another grandson Mirzo Ulugbek, after the eastern gallery and southern funereal structures had been built. The son of Bukhara sheikh Amir Kulal named Seyid Umar and known as a significant cleric as well was buried in Gur-Emir.

Ulugbek Madrasah

Sher-Dor Madrasa

Ensemble Kusam-Ata

Afrasiab settlement

Holy places near Samarkand: the Cave of Hazrat Daud

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